Current Affairs for Kids January 2020

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Posted on Feb 03, 2020 06:02 IST in Current Affairs.

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Brazilian President Chief Guest of 2020 Republic Day Parade

Jair Messias Bolsonaro, the President of Brazil, was the Chief Guest for the 71st Republic Day Parade of India. He paid a state visit to India from 24 to 27 January 2020 and witnessed the Republic Day Parade at Rajpath accompanied by his Indian counterpart Ramnath Kovind on 26 January 2020. Brazilian presidents have graced the Republic Day Parade in 1996 and 2004.

# This year’s parade showcased A-SAT, India’s newly developed anti-satellite missile system and Air Defence Tactical Control Radar (ADTCR).

In the three services, the contingent of Indian Air Force was adjudged the Best Marching Contingent.

Amongst the para-military forces, the contingent of CISF was adjudged the first.

The tablueax of Assam was adjudged the Best Tablueax of parade.

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PM Modi pays homage at National War Memorial instead of Amar Jawan Jyoti

In a break from tradition, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage at the National War Memorial instead of Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate on the 71st Republic Day. It is worth mentioning that former Prime Minister late Indira Gandhi had started the tradition of paying homage at the Amar Jawan Jyoti in 1972 that was constructed after the 1971 Indo-Pakistan War to commemorate the martyred and unknown soldiers of the Indian armed forces who died during the war. On the other hand the National War Memorial has been a brainchild of PM Modi and it was dedicated to the nation in February 2019.

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Coronavirus declared international emergency

The World Health Organization (WHO) on 30 January 2020 declared the coronavirus outbreak a public-health emergency of international concern. Coronavirus initially started during December 2019 from China’s Wuhan city but it became a serious threat by January 2020. By the end of January 2020 over 17,000 cases of coronavirus were reported from around the world, most of these from China. The virus spread to over 20 countries with India also reporting a couple of cases and the death toll crossed the 350 figure. In an emergency meeting on 30 January 2020 the WHO declared coronavirus as public-health emergency globally.

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Gen. Bipin Rawat is India’s first CDS

The Union Government on 30 December 2019 appointed General Bipin Rawat as India’s first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), a new exclusive post. . The CDS will be in direct contact with the Prime Minister on security issues and the chiefs of the Army, Navy and the Air Force would report to him. He would head the Department of Military Affairs and paid a salary equivalent to a service chief. The CDS will also act as the Principal Military Adviser to the Defence Minister on tri-services matters.

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GSAT-30: India’s new satellite

GSAT-30, India’s new communication satellite, was launched in the early hours of 17 January 2020 from Arianspace’s French Guiana launch station. GSAT-30 is a communication satellite capable to provide high-quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services. With a mission life of over 15 years, GSAT-30 will provide DTH television services, connectivity to VSATs for ATM, stock exchange, television uplinking and teleport services, Digital Satellite News Gathering (DSNG) and e-governance applications. It replaces INSAT-4A a communication satellite with Ku and C-band transponders launched on 22 December 2005.

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107th Indian Science Congress held in Bengaluru

107th Indian Science Congress was hosted at University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK Campus, Bengaluru from 3 to 7 January 2020. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The focal theme of this ISC was “Science & Technology : Rural Development”. The event attracted 15,000 delegates from the scientific and academic fraternity, and multifarious disciplines such as defense, government, corporates, and others. ISC is the most prestigious science event in India, first edition of which was held in 1914 in Kolkata)

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3rd Khelo India Youth Games held in Guwahati

The 3rd edition of Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) was held between 10 January and 22 January 2020 in Guwahati. These games were formerly known as Khelo India School Games, the first edition of which was held in 2018 in New Delhi. These games are multi-disciplinary grass-root level games held in two categories - under-17 years school students and under-21 college students. Maharashtra topped the medals table of these games with a rich haul of 256 medals (including 78 gold, 77 silver and 101 bronze medals). It was followed by Haryana (68 gold, 60 silver and 72 bronze medals) and Delhi (39 gold, 36 silver and 47 bronze medals).

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India’s Human Space Flight Centre

ISRO’s Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) will be built at Challakere in Karnataka, as was announced on 6 January 2020. Challakere (in Chitradurga district of Karnataka) was chosen to build the state-of-the-art Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). To be constructed at a cost of Rs. 2,700 crore in three years, this facility will boast self-contained training facility for astronauts. The four astronaut candidates for the first Gaganyaan mission of 2022 are to train in Russia and country pays huge amount of money for this)

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RPF’s name changed

Indian Railway Protection Force Service (IRPFS) is the new name of Railway Protection Force (RPF). This change was done as a result of the grant of organized group A status (OGAS) to RPF in the light of Cabinet decision arising from a court order. RPF was established by Railway Protection Force Act, 1957, enacted by the Parliament for the better protection and security of railway property.

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General Narwane is New Chief of Indian Army

General Manoj Mukund Naravane took over as the 28th Chief of the Indian Army on 31 December 2019. He succeeded General Bipin Rawat who was appointed India’s first-ever Chief of Defence Staff a day earlier on 30 December. Gen. Naravane was commissioned into the Sikh Light Infantry Regiment in June 1980 and was till now serving as the vice-chief of the Indian Army.

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J.P. Nadda is new BJP President

Jagat Prakash Nadda (J.P. Nadda) on 20 January 2020 took over as the 11th National President of BJP after serving as Working President since June 2019. The 59-year-old former Health Minister, Nadda has a graduate degree from Patna and LL.B from Himachal Pradesh University. He became BJP General Secretary in 2010 and Rajya Sabha member in 2012. He was BJP in-charge of UP in 2019 general elections. It is worth mentioning that Late Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first National President of BJP after it came into existence in 1980.

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First Sukhoi squadron in South India

The first-ever Sukhoi-30MKI fighter squadron of the Indian Air Force (IAF) in South India was unveiled on 20 January 2020 at Tamilnadu’s Thanjavur. The decision to deploy the Su-30 MKI at Thanjavur was taken due to its strategic location.  This squadron will keep in check China's fast-expanding strategic footprint in the Indian Ocean Region.

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ISRO unveils “Vyommitra” humanoid

Vyommitra, is the name of the half- humanoid robot that will soon be sent into space and was unveiled by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 22 January 2020. The humanoid can operate switches, receive voice commands, respond via speech, can speak in two languages and can lip-sync to speech. It will be sent to space as a trial before Gaganyaan, which will be launched in 2022. Vyommitra has been designed at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.

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141 Padma Awards for 2020

This year the President has approved conferment of 141 Padma Awards. These include 7 Padma Vibhushan, 16 Padma Bhushan and 118 Padma Shri Awards. Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award after Bharat Ratna while Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri are third and fourth highest civilian awards respectively. The noted winners of Padma Vibhushan include former Cabinet Ministers Arun Jaitley, Sushma Swaraj and George Fernandes (all posthumously) and boxer MC Mary Kom and Hindustani classical singer Chhannulal Mishra.

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RBI launches mobile app for visually-impaired

MANI, which stands for Mobile Aided Note Identifier, is the name of a mobile app developed to help visually-impaired people identify the denomination of currency notes. The app can scan the notes using the phone's camera and give audio output in Hindi and English. It was launched by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Shaktikanta Das on 1 January 2020. MANI is available on both Google Play and the Apple's App Store.

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The first waste-to-energy plant in Indian Railways

Indian Railways has commissioned country’s first governmental waste to energy plant in Mancheswar Carriage Repair Workshop located at Bhubaneswar. This workshop falls under East Coast Railway. The waste to energy plant uses a patented technology called POLYCRACK, is first-of-its-kind in Indian Railways and fourth in India. It is world’s first patented heterogeneous catalytic process which converts multiple feed stocks into hydrocarbon liquid fuels, gas, carbon and water.

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Cleanest city in India

Madhya Pradesh’s Indore was ranked the cleanest city in India for the fourth time in a row. The rankings for the cleanest cities were announced on 31 December 2019 in the Central government's cleanliness survey. Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh was ranked second in the first-quarter results (April to June), while Rajkot in Gujarat grabbed the second spot in second-quarter results (July-September).

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Indian Railways raises passenger fare

The passenger fares of Indian Railways were raised effective 1 January 2020. Train journeys will cost more from 1 January 2020, with Indian Railways increasing passenger fares across its network, excluding those for suburban trains. For passengers using ordinary non-air conditioned (AC) trains, fares were hiked by one paisa per kilometre, while fares for express non-AC trains were increased by two paise per kilometre. Fares for AC class were increased by four paise per kilometer. Passenger fares were last raised more than five years ago in July 2014.

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IIT Kanpur engineer Arvind Krishna appointed IBM chief

Indian-origin technology executive Arvind Krishna has been elected Chief Executive Officer of American IT giant International Business Machines (IBM). He is currently IBM Senior Vice President for Cloud and Cognitive Software and will succeed Virginia Rometty. 57-year old Krishna had joined IBM in 1990 and has an undergraduate degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (1984), and a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Former war hero Lt. Gen. Hoon passes away

Retired Lieutenant General PN Hoon, who passed away on 6 January 2020, was associated with “Operation Meghdoot”. This operation executed by the Indian armed forces to capture the Siachen Glacier in the Kashmir region on 13 April 1984. It was also the first assault launched in the highest battlefield in the world. It was led by Lieutenant General Prem Nath Hoon (PN Hoon). This iconic operation resulted in Indian troops gaining control of the entire Siachen Glacier. 

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24 degrees Celsius default temperature for ACs in India

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) on 6 January 2020 announced that all room air conditioners (ACs) should have a default temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. This means that when the room air conditioner is switched on, it will start at 24 degree Celsius. All brands and types of star-labelled ACs, which are rated from one star to five stars based on their energy efficiencies and manufactured, commercially purchased or sold in India, shall ensure default setting of temperature in the room air conditioners at 24 degrees Celsius, with effect from 1 January 2020.

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Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw conferred Australia’s highest award

Biotechnology company Biocon founder Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw was on 18 January 2020 conferred with Australia's highest civilian honour, the Order of Australia, for her significant service to advancing the country's partnership with India.

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Reliance launches JioMart

JioMart is the name of the new e-commerce venture of Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) that made its debut during December 2019 in form of a pilot-project. The new venture has been initially launched a pilot for the customers in Navi Mumbai, Thane, and Kalyan, but will however, gradually expanded across India. JioMart aims to connect three crore offline retailers with over 20 crore households in the country. 

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Iranian General Soleimani killed

Lt. Gen. Qasem Soleimani, a top Iranian general and the head of the elite Quds Force, was killed in an air strike in the early hours of 3 January 2020. US fighter jets blew two vehicles near a cargo terminal of Baghdad's international airport. According to the Pentagon, the strike was aimed at deterring future Iranian attack plans. But the strike increased fresh fears of a conflict in the crude-rich region and also resulted in a surge in oil prices globally. In retaliation Iran fired missiles on US bases and one missile mistakenly struck a Ukraine International Airline (UIA) Boeing 737 passenger plane on 8 January 2020 killing all 176 persons on-board. Iran apologized for this blunder.

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Kobe Bryant killed in helicopter crash

Five-time NBA champion and one of greatest American professional basketball player of all-times Kobe Bryant and his 13-year old daughter Gianna were killed when his private helicopter crashed along a hillside near Calabasas in California on 26 January 2020. He was associated with the iconic Los Angeles Lakers team. Kobe Bryant had contributed immensely to give his team 5 NBA titles. He was killed as his Sikorsky S-76B helicopter carrying one pilot, himself, his daughter Gianna and 6 other passengers crashed in California's Calabasas.

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Billie Eilish wins 5 Grammy Awards

18-year old American singer Billie Eilish came to limelight as she won five of the six Grammies she was nominated at the 62nd Grammy Awards Ceremony held on 26 January 2020. She won the Record of the Year, Best Pop Vocal Album, Album of the Year, Best New Artist and Song of the Year. Billie lost to Lizzo in the Best Pop Solo Performance category for her song/album "When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go?"

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Mohun Bagan merges with ATK FC

Iconic Kolkata-based Indian football club Mohun Bagan on 16 January 2020 merged with two-time Indian Super League (ISL) winner ATK FC. RPSG Group, which owns and runs ATK FC acquired majority shares in Mohun Bagan. The newly owned entity emerging after this merger will compete in the 2020-21 ISL season and all other competitions organised by the All India Football Federation.

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World’s safest airline

Australia’s Qantas Airways was named safest airline in the world on a top-20 list published by AirlineRatings.com on 2 January 2020. It was followed by Air New Zealand and Taiwan’s Eva Air. The agency took into account factors including audits by governing and industry bodies, crash and serious incident record, profitability and fleet age to come up with its rankings.

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Netherlands drops “Holland”

From 1 January 2020 the Netherlands officially dropped the name Holland as part of a tourism rebranding campaign. While the name Holland refers to just two of the 12 provinces in the Netherlands (North Holland and South Holland), but the two names are often used interchangeably to describe this small and beautiful European country. From 1 January 2020, companies, embassies, ministries and universities will only be able to refer to the country as 'the Netherlands'.

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England is the first team to score 5 lakh runs in Test Cricket

England became the first team in Test cricket to score 500,000 runs, achieving the feat during the fourth Test against South Africa. The single by Joe Root off Beuran Hendricks in the 53rd over of England's first innings on 25 January 2020 was the 500,000th run recorded for them in Tests. England took 1,022 Tests and over 143 years to reach the milestone.

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Ritu Nanda passes away

Ritu Nanda, daughter of late Bollywood actor-filmmaker Raj Kapoor and mother-in-law of Amitabh Bachchan's daughter Shweta Bachchan Nanda, passed away on 14 January 2020. An iconic insurance advisor, Nanda still holds the eecord for selling 17,000 pension policies in a single day. She was the Head and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Ritu Nanda Insurance Services (RNIS).

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Indo-American duo nominated for Oscars

 “St Louis Superman”, a documentary film by two Indian-American filmmakers, Smriti Mundhra and Sami Khan, has earned a nomination in the Documentary Short Subject category at Oscars 2020. The film revolves around activist Bruce Franks Junior’s journey to becoming a state lawmaker.

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Microsoft stops updates for Windows 7

Software behemoth Microsoft Inc. from 14 January 2020 stopped providing support to Windows 7 operating system. Windows 7 users will no longer receive important security updates and patches that keep their machines safe. Microsoft's Windows 7 operating system made its global debut on 22 October 2009.

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Omani Sultan passes away

Oman's Sultan Qaboos bin Said, who had been ruling this oil-rich country since 1970, passed away on 10 January 2020. Qaboos bin Said's cousin Haitham bin Tariq al-Said was announced as the successor following Sultan’s death on 10 January 2020. Qaboos, who had no children, had recommended Tariq's name in a secret letter, in case the family could not agree upon his successor. Qaboos became Sultan after removing his father in a palace coup with the aim of ending Oman's isolation and using its oil revenue for modernisation and development.

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First-ever jewellery exhibition on-board a cruise ship

World’s first ever jewellery exhibition on-board a cruise ship was inaugurated from 6 to 9 January 2020 in Mumbai. This first-of-its-kind jewellery exhibition was hosted on Jalesh Karnika, an Indian cruise ship of Essel Group’s Jalesh Cruise Company. This unique exhibition started at Mumbai Port Trust and the cruise ship cruised to Arabian Sea during the 4-day event. Ministry of Tourism and Ministry of Shipping tied up for event to promote cruise tourism as well as jewellery business.

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Leo Carter of NZ hits 6 sixes off 6 balls

(New Zealand’s Canterbury batsman Leo Carter hit six sixes in an over during the T20 Super Smash tournament at Hagley Oval in Christchurch on 5 January 2020. He thus became the seventh batsman to achieve the feat in any format of cricket (both domestic and international). The unfortunate bowler on this occasion was left-arm spinner Anton Devcich, bowling for Northern Districts. The other batsmen to achieve the feat in T20s include India's Yuvraj Singh (2007), Worcestershire's Ross Whitely (2017), Afghanistan's Hazratullah Zazai (2018). In other formats, both first-class and domestic limited-overs, Garry Sobers, Ravi Shastri and Herschelle Gibbs hold the record.

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World’s largest single radio dish telescope in China

During January 2020 China started the operations of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST), which is now world’s largest single radio dish telescope. This state-of-the-art telescope has been established at Guizhou. FAST has double the collecting power than the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, that was the world’s largest radio telescope till now. This huge telescope has been fixed in a natural basin called the Dawodang depression in Guizhou, Southwest China. It is not only the world’s most sensitive listening device, but the world’s largest filled-aperture radio-telescope.

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Chinese Paddleship declared extinct

The Chinese paddlefish, one of the world's biggest freshwater fish species, growing up to 7 metres long, has been declared extinct by scientists. The Chinese paddlefish is believed to have vanished between 2005 and 2010, with its last confirmed sighting coming in 2003.

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“1917” wins Best movie Golden Globe award

Sam Mendes-directed war film '1917', starring George MacKay and Dean-Charles Chapman among others was named the Best Motion Picture-Drama at 77th Golden Globe Awards. Sam Mendes also won Best Director award for '1917'). Golden Globe is one of the most prestigious global films awards and are bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association since 1944.

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Current Affairs for Kids | Current Affairs for Schools | School Current Affairs | GK for Kids | January 2020 Complete Current Affairs |

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