9-12 April 2019 Current Affairs

Black Hole Picture | Saudi Aramco | Iranian Revolutionary Guard | Mumbai circle SBI | First 5G network | New Hockey Coach |

Posted on Apr 12, 2019 13:52 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) Scientific history was created when astronomers were successful in taking the first ever image of a black hole as was disclosed on 10 April 2019. This iconic photo was taken by which network of eight linked telescopes? - Event Horizon Telescope (The first-ever picture of a black hole was taken by Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), a network of eight linked telescopes. The black hole photographed is 500 million trillion km away. Prof Heino Falcke of Radboud University in the Netherlands was the proposer of this experiment while 29-year-old woman computer scientist Katie Bouman led development of a computer programme that made the breakthrough image possible.

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2) Which company has emerged as world’s most profitable company after its financial results were disclosed for the first time ever during April 2019? - Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabia’s giant oil company Saudi Aramco results were released by the Saudi Government first time ever on 1 April 2019. The company generated $111.1 billion in net profits during 2018 and thus making it the world’s most profitable company by far. It handily beat Apple ($59.5 billion in net profits in 2018). Saudi Aramco is by far the biggest energy company in the world, generating nearly $1 billion a day in revenues. 

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3) The United States Government on 8 April 2019 designated which Iranian armed corps as a foreign "terrorist organisation"? – Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (President Donald Trump on 8 April 2019 announced that his government has designated Iran’s elite Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) a foreign "terrorist organisation". IRGC is Iran's most powerful security organisation and was set up to protect the country's Shia clerical ruling system after its 1979 Islamic Revolution. This is the first time the US has formally labelled another country's military a "terrorist group".

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4) During April 2019 State Bank of India (SBI) bifurcated which important banking region as a separate circle? - Mumbai Metropolitan Business region (SBI on 8 April 2019 launched Mumbai Metropolitan Business region as a separate circle. The new circle has been formed by bifurcating the Mumbai circle. The existing Mumbai circle has been bifurcated to form two circles- Mumbai (metro) and Maharashtra circle - with effect from 1 April 2019. The new circle is the bank’s 17th circle. The erstwhile Mumbai circle covering Maharashtra and Goa State was the largest circle under the SBI’s National Banking Group.

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5) The world’s first nationwide 5G mobile network was launched in which country during April 2019? – South Korea (South Korea launched the world’s first nationwide 5G mobile networks on 3 April 2019, two days earlier than the previously announced date of 5 April. Three top telecom providers - SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus - began their 5G services at 11 pm local time on this day.

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6) Who was appointed the new chief coach of Indian men’s Hockey team by Hockey India (HI) on 8 April 2019? – Graham Reid (Hockey India on 8 April 2019 named Australia's Graham Reid as the new chief coach of the Indian men's hockey team. He was part of the silver-medal winning Australian team at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. The post was lying vacant since Harendra Singh was removed from the post after India’s dismal performance in 2019 FIH Hockey World Cup in January 2019)

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