9-14 January 2019 Current Affairs

10% reservation | 124th Constitutional Amendment | One Family - One Job | RBI Committee | Hampi |

Posted on Jan 14, 2019 02:42 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) The Indian Parliament on 9 January 2019 passed the bill to provide 10% quota in educational seats and government jobs to economically weaker sections in the general category as the Rajya Sabha passed the amendment bill on this day. Which Constitutional Amendment Bill was passed to ensure this? – 124th Constitutional Amendment Bill

Explanation: Parliament on 9 January 2019 cleared the Constitutional Amendment Bill guaranteeing 10% quota in education and employment to economically weaker sections in the general category. This followed the approval of the bill by the Rajya Sabha. The Lok Sabha had passed the bill a day earlier on 8 January 2019. Later on 12 January 2019 President Ram Nath Kovind signed the Bill to give it constitutional authority.

- The pertaining constitutional amendment bill is the 124 Amendment Bill that was introduced by Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot in the Parliament on 7 January 2019.

- The reservation would be applicable to jobs in both Central and State governments. However, the legislation gives powers to States to determine the economic criteria for identification of beneficiaries.

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2) Which state government on 12 January 2019 launched “One Family, One Job” scheme to ensure job security for the state citizens? – Sikkim

Explanation: Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling launched the ambitious “One Family, One Job” scheme that envisions employment to a member of every family which does not have a government job in the state.

- The Chief Minister personally handed out temporary appointment letters to two beneficiaries from each of the 32 Assembly constituencies in the state as a token gesture to kick-start the scheme.

- At present recruitments are being made for Group C and Group D posts in 12 government departments. Under this scheme, all loan debts in the farming and agriculture sector would be revoked.

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3) Who was appointed as the Chairman of the newly constituted RBI committee to suggest measures to strengthen safety of digital payments ecosystem, as was announced on 8 January 2019? – Nandan Nilekani

Explanation: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has appointed Nandan Nilekani, co-founder of Infosys, as the chairman of a five-member high-level committee that will work towards deepening digital payments in India.

- The committee’s major role will be to review the existing status of digitisation of payments in the country, identify the current gaps in the ecosystem and suggest ways to bridge them.

- Other members of the committee are HR Khan, Former RBI Deputy Governor, Kishore Sansi, Former MD and CEO Vijaya Bank, Aruna Sharma, Former Secretary, Ministry of Information Technology and Steel; and Sanjay Jain, Chief Innovation Officer, Center for Innovation, Incubation & Entrepreneurship (CIIE), IIM Ahmedabad.

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4) The Supreme Court on 8 January 2019 set up a five-judge Constitution Bench to hear the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land title dispute case. Who are the five judges in this bench? - Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justices S A Bobde, N V Ramana, U U Lalit and D Y Chandrachud

Explanation: Apart from Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, the other 4 members of the five-judge Constitution Bench to hear the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land title dispute case are - Justices S A Bobde, N V Ramana, U U Lalit and D Y Chandrachud. The Constitution Bench was scheduled to hear the matter from 10 January 2019, but Justice U U Lalit separated himself from the Bench. The SC thus gave 29 January 2019 as the new date of hearing.

- As many as 14 appeals have been filed in the apex court against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgement, delivered in four civil suits, that the 2.77-acre land be partitioned equally among the three parties - the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

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5) Which Indian destination is listed at second place in the New York Times’ list of ‘52 Places to Go in 2019’ and is the only Indian destination to feature in the list? – Hampi (Karnataka)

Explanation: The tourist town of Hampi in Karnataka was listed at the second place in the New York Times’ list of ‘52 Places to Go in 2019’. Hampi is the only Indian destination, which has managed to secure a place in the list. The top position is held by the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico, which was ravaged by Hurricane Maria in late 2017.

- Located in Hosapete taluk of Ballari district, there are 57 major monuments in Hampi, most of which come under the core zone of Hampi, including four villages spread across 41.8 sq. km.

- It is best known for several Hindu temples that have been constructed in the Dravidian style of architecture. However, Hampi’s most famous icon is the stone chariot in the Vittala Temple. Over six lakh tourists including foreigners, flock to Hampi annually.

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