4 January 2019 Current Affairs

106th Indian Science Congress | China Moon Mission | U.K. Sinha Committee | Gau Raksha Cess |

Posted on Jan 04, 2019 00:32 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) The 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress (ISC) was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 3 January 2019. This annual congregation of the top scientific minds of the country is being hosted by which institution? – Lovely Professional University (Phagwara)

Explanation: Phagwara (Punjab)-based Lovely Professional University (LPU) is hosting the 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress (ISC). The 5-day event was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 3 January 2019. The theme of this year’s ISC is - FUTURE INDIA – Science and Technology. The Congress will conclude on 7 January 2019.

- ISC is an annual event hosted by the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA), a premier scientific organisation of India with headquarters at Kolkata, West Bengal. The association started in the year 1914 in Kolkata and it meets annually in the first week of January. It has a membership of more than 30,000 scientists.

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2) What is the name of the Chinese spacecraft that on 3 January 2019 became the first ever to land on the far side of the moon? – Chang’e 4

Explanation: Chang’e 4 is the name of the Chinese lunar exploration mission that achieved the first soft-landing on the far side of the Moon, on 3 January 2019. It was launched by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and this robotic probe landed in the unexplored South Pole-Aitken basin, the largest, oldest, deepest, crater on the moon’s surface.

- It was launched from the Earth on 7 December 2018 and it entered Moon’s orbit on 12 December 2018. Like its predecessors, the spacecraft is named after Chang'e, the Chinese Moon goddess.

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3) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 2 January 2019 set up a committee to address issues regarding the sustainability of MSMEs. Who is heading this 8-member committee? – U.K. Sinha

Explanation: Former SEBI Chairman UK Sinha is heading the 8-member committee constituted by the RBI on 2 January 2019 to suggest long-term solutions for the economic and financial sustainability of the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).

- The committee will also examine factors affecting the availability of finance to MSMEs. The announcement of this committee came just one day after RBI allowed one-time restructuring of MSME loans of up to Rs. 25 crore on 1 January 2019.

- The U.K. Sinha-led MSME panel has also been asked to propose measures for leveraging technology in accelerating growth of the sector and suggest long-term solutions for the economic and financial sustainability of the MSME sector.

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4) Which state government on 2 January 2019 introduced a 0.5% “Gau Raksha” cess in the state to protect stray cows? – Uttar Pradesh

Explanation: Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on 2 January 2019 announced levying a 0.5% “Gau Raksha” cess in the state to protect stray cows. This move comes as the state now has a stray cattle problem following the aggressive crackdown on illegal cow slaughterhouses.

- This additional cess that will amount to an increase of 0.5% will be levied on excise items such as alcohol, and toll tax.

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