6-9 October 2018 Current Affairs

Nobel Peace Prize 2018 | India-Russia Agreement | S-400 | Nagaland’s Gandhi |

Posted on Oct 10, 2018 02:07 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) The Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 has been awarded to two which two activists as was announced on 5 October 2018? - Dr. Denis Mukwege (Congo) and Nadia Murad (Iraq)

Explanation: The Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 has been awarded to Congolese gynaecologist Dr. Denis Mukwege and Yazidi Iraqi human rights activist Nadia Murad for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. This announcement was made the Nobel Prize committee on 5 October 2018.

- Dr. Denis Mukwege has spent large parts of his adult life helping the victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Dr. Mukwege and his staff have treated thousands of patients who have fallen victim to such assaults.

- Nadia Murad is one of an estimated 3,000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the Islamic State in Iraq. She is the founder of “Nadia's Initiative”, an organization dedicated to "helping women and children victimized by genocide, mass atrocities, and human trafficking to heal and rebuild their lives and communities".

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2) On 8 October 2018 which two American economists were announced as the winners of the 2018 Nobel Prize for Economics? - William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer 

Explanation: Two American economists - William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer, were announced as the winners of the 2018 Nobel Prize for Economics. This prize is officially known as the “Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences” and has been awarded for work on climate change and sustainable growth.

- The Yale economist William D. Nordhaus has spent the better part of four decades trying to persuade governments to address climate change, preferably by imposing a tax on carbon emissions. On the other hand, New York University economist Paul M. Romer’s work has demonstrated that government policy plays a critical role in fostering technological innovation.

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3) On 5 October 2018 India and Russia signed an Inter-governmental Agreement (IGA) for the supply of which iconic anti-aircraft missile system to India? - S-400 Triumf

Explanation: S-400 Triumf is the name of an anti-aircraft weapon system developed by Russia which is often been described as "one of the best air-defence systems currently made". On 5 October 2018 India and Russia signed an Inter-governmental Agreement (IGA) under which Russia will supply 5 S-400 Triumf missile shield systems to India for $5.43-billion.

- The Triumf missile deal with Russia will give India's military a much-needed boost, which would act as a deterrent against China's growing presence in the region and a superior edge over Pakistan.

- The S-400 Triumf missiles are extremely efficient to track and hunt down combat aircraft, even stealth planes, at unprecedented ranges.

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4) What was the real name of the eminent Gandhian who was popularly known as ‘Nagaland’s Gandhi’ and who passed away on 6 October 2018? - Natwar Thakkar

Explanation: Eminent Gandhian Natwar Thakkar, popularly known as ‘Nagaland’s Gandhi’, passed away after a brief illness in Nagaland on 6 October 2018.

- He was from Maharashtra and had made Nagaland his home ever since he had arrived in the State in 1955. A Padma Shri awardee, he had founded the Nagaland Gandhi Ashram at Chuchuyimlang. His efforts to spread Gandhian philosophy and peace had earned him the sobriquet ‘Nagaland’s Gandhi’. He was 86.

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