21-30 June 2018 Current Affairs

Indian rupee | CEA | Arvind Subramanian | Uttarakhand | High Court | White Water Rafting | Suryashakti Kisan Yojna | Gujarat | World Food Prize | Saudi Arabia | Canada |

Posted on Jul 01, 2018 04:02 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) The Indian rupee crashed to a lifetime low of 69.10 against the US dollar on 28 June 2018 as rising crude oil prices deepened concerns about the country’s current account deficit and inflation dynamics. When the rupee had touched it previous record low of 68.8650 per dollar? – On 24 November 2016

Explanation: The rupee plunged by 49 paise to reach the lifetime low level of 69.10 against the US dollar on 29 June 2018. Consistent dollar demand from banks and importers, mainly oil refiners, following higher crude oil prices kept the rupee under pressure.

- The rupee had touched its previous record low of 68.8650 per dollar on 24 November 2016.

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2) Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) Arvind Subramanian on 20 June 2018 submitted his resignation and expressed his desire to return to the United States due to family commitments. When he took charge as India’s CEA? – 16 October 2014

Explanation: Union Minister Arun Jaitley announced on 20 June 2018 that Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) Arvind Subramanian has submitted his resignation to the Finance Ministry. Subramanian also informed that he would like to go back to the United States on account of pressing family commitments.

- His term as CEA started on 16 October 2014 for a term of three years. On the completion of three years, he was asked to continue for a year more, which would have taken his term to October 2018.

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3) The High Court of which state banned paragliding, and white water rafting and other water sports in the state on 18 June 2018 and directed the state govt. to enact suitable legislation for regulating adventure and water sports? – Uttarakhand

Explanation: The Nainital-based Uttarakhand high court on 18 June 2018 banned paragliding, and white water rafting and other water sports in the state until the administration puts in place a policy to regulate them in a move aimed at safeguarding both the environment and people engaging in these activities. The copy of the order was made available on 21 June 2018.

- A division bench of justices Rajiv Sharma and Lok Pal Singh ordered the ban in response to a public interest litigation (PIL) filed by Rishikesh-based social activist Hari Om Kashyap.

- The petitioner said in his PIL that state authorities were giving illegal leases in favour of private agencies to organize water sports on the Ganga. According to the petitioner, temporary structures are being permitted to be set up on the banks of the river.

- In the past decade, adventure sports companies have mushroomed in the state, a popular destination for tourists from around the country, offering everything from white water rafting to paragliding to zip-lining with no regulatory oversight.

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4) Which state government during June 2018 launched the Suryashakti Kisan Yojna (SKY) under which grid-connected solar panels will be provided to farmers? – Gujarat

Explanation: With an aim to generate additional income for farmers, the Gujarat state government on 23 June 2018 launched the Suryashakti Kisan Yojna (SKY) under which grid-connected solar panels will be provided to over 12,000 cultivators who have already taken regular electricity connections for irrigation purpose.

- State government claimed that it will be the first time in the country that farmers will be able to produce solar energy, consume as much as they need and sell the remaining. Using solar panels, which will be connected to the feeders, farmers would get 12 hours of power supply for their pumps during the day time.

- The project will have 137 feeders located at different places in 33 districts, capable of generating 175 mega watts electricity through solar panels.

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5) The two agricultural scientists chosen for the 2018 World Food Prize, as announced on 25 June 2018, are - Lawrence Haddad and Dr. David Nabarro

Explanation: The World Food Prize will be awarded this year to Lawrence Haddad and Dr. David Nabarro – two scientists who have dedicated their careers to improving the availability of nutritious food for pregnant women and children in an effort to reduce the effects of malnutrition in developing countries.

- Lawrence Haddad, who is a British economist and food policy researcher, and Dr. David Nabarro, who has worked with the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations (UN) on health and hunger issues, were named the 2018 prize recipients in a ceremony at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington on 25 June 2018.

- The World Food Prize was created by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Norman Borlaug in 1986 to recognize scientists and others who have improved the quality and availability of food.

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6) Which country became the last in the world to officially lift the ban on women drivers on 23 June 2018? – Saudi Arabia

Explanation: On 23 June 2018 Saudi Arabia became the last country in the world to lift the ban on women driving. Overnight, the few women in the kingdom who had licences ready were propelled to celebrity status.

- Prince Mohammad Bin Salman, the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, had announced lifting the ban.

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7) Which country announced legalizing marijuana sales from October 2018 by passing a legislation on 20 June 2018? – Canada

Explanation: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on 20 June 2018 announced that recreational use of marijuana will become legal in the country from 17 October 2018. This announcement came after a historic vote in the Canadian Senate on 19 June 2018 to pass Bill C-45, the government’s legislation to legalize cannabis.

- After more than a year of intensive study in both the House and Senate, the bill cleared the final legislative hurdle, being passed by a vote of 52 to 29 with two abstentions.

- The legislation allows adults in Canada to legally possess and use small amounts of recreational cannabis. It sets out parameters around the production, possession, safety standards, distribution, and sale of the drug. It also creates new Criminal Code offences for selling marijuana to minors. The proposed federal law spells out that it will be illegal for anyone younger than 18 to buy pot, but allows for provinces and territories to set a higher minimum age.

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