1-3 May 2018 Current Affairs

Most polluted city | WHO | Bhabha Kavach | Ashok Mitra | New IRDAI Chief | In-flight connectivity |

Posted on May 03, 2018 12:12 IST in Current Affairs.

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1) Which Indian city topped the list of 20 most polluted cities in the World (in terms of air pollution) that was released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Geneva on 2 May 2018? – Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh)

Explanation: Uttar Pradesh’s industrial city Kanpur has topped the list of 20 most polluted cities in the World (in terms of air pollution) that was released by the WHO on 2 May 2018.

- According to WHO's global air pollution database released in Geneva, India has 14 out of the 15 most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2.5 concentrations - the worst being UP’s Kanpur with a PM 2.5 concentration of 173 micrograms per cubic metre, followed by Faridabad, Varanasi and Gaya.

- Other Indian cities that registered very high levels of PM2.5 pollutants are Delhi, Patna, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur, followed by Ali Subah Al-Salem in Kuwait and a few cities in China and Mongolia.

- The study considered PM2.5 (particulate matter of diameter less than 2.5 micrometres) and PM10. PM2.5 is more dangerous than PM10. The period considered for the study was 2010 to 2016.

(Photo Courtesy: Times of India)

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2) What is the name given to the newly developed state-of-the-art bullet-proof jacket by BARC capable to withstand eight 7.62mm bullets fired from an AK-47 rifle from a distance of 5-10 metres that will be used by the Central Armed Police Force (CARF)? – “Bhabha Kavach”

Explanation: “Bhabha Kavach” is the name given to the newly developed state-of-the-art bullet-proof jacket developed by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). It can withstand eight 7.62mm bullets fired from an AK-47 rifle from a distance of 5-10 metres. It can even withstand the 5.56mm bullet of the Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) or that of the now decommissioned 7.65mm bullet of self-loading rifle (SLR).

- This jacket will reduce the weight by nearly 50%. At present, CAPF use heavy steel-armoured jackets that weigh between 10kg to 17kg. It is made of boron carbide and carbon nanotube polymer composite.

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3) Noted scholar, economist and eminent leftist leader Ashok Mitra passed away on 1 May 2018. He was a former Finance Minister of which state? – West Bengal

Explanation: Noted scholar and the first Finance Minister in the Left Front government in West Bengal Ashok Mitra passed away in a private hospital in Kolkata on 1 May 2018. He was 90.

- Mitra was the first Finance Minister in the Left Front government after it came to power in Bengal in 1977 but resigned later following his differences with the Chief Minister Jyoti Basu.

- Besides serving the State Government, he also worked with the Central Government as the Chief Economic Adviser and was a member of Rajya Sabha. He was also associated with World Bank for many years.

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4) Who was appointed the new Chairman of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) on 2 May 2018? - Subhash Chandra Khuntia

Explanation: Subhash Chandra Khuntia, a retired 1981 Karnataka cadre IAS officer, was on 2 May 2018 appointed the new Chairman of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

- He held several positions at the Centre, including that of Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor in the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

- He will have tenure of 3 years. He replaces T.S. Vijayan who retired from the post on 21 February 2018.

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5) The Telecom Commission on 2 May 2018 approved the proposal of the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) for Internet and mobile communication on aircraft. According to TRAI’s recommendations the in-flight connectivity will be available at what altitude? – 3,000m

Explanation: Travellers flying through Indian airspace will be able to make phone calls and surf the Internet in the next three to four months. This comes after the Telecom Commission on 2 May 2018 approved the proposal of the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) for Internet and mobile communication on aircraft.

- However, as per the recommendations by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), the in-flight connectivity will be available once the aircraft has achieved an altitude of 3,000 meters.

- The DoT will now make the necessary amendments to the relevant laws to create a separate category of licences for in-flight connectivity operators, which could be telecom service providers.

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